DirectIndustry e-Magazine - #16 – SPECIAL HANNOVER MESSEDirectIndustry e-Magazine

SPECIAL EDITION

logo Hannover Messe

SPECIAL EDITION

logo Hannover Messe


INDUSTRY IS MONITORING ITSELF




This 16th issue of DirectIndustry e-magazine, a Hannover Messe Live Special, focuses on Industry 4.0 hotspots. Though the German fair is still going strong at press time, our journalists are already drawing attention to some tremendous industrial automation developments—from predictive maintenance to digitization and self-organizing factories.

Our reports also focus on innovative construction materials of the future. Their lighter weight will improve efficiency while reducing the carbon emissions of industrial processes. Enjoy the fair!

Fullpage Enidine
INDUSTRY 4.0
PdM can mean machinery needs less maintenance.
Hannover Messe

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What if engineers could predict when maintenance should be performed on machinery and equipment? Modeling data collected by new sensors inside machines and engines now enable predictive maintenance (PdM). The end-game is maximum efficiency and the complete automation of business decisions.   First Steps: Data...


OUR HIGHLIGHTS
Softwares play a vital role in the simulation of the factories of the future.

Watch our exclusive report. The real and virtual worlds have begun to merge in production. It is now possible to create digital twins of a product before it is produced and even simulate the production environment. At Hannover Messe, DirectIndustry e-magazine met with two big actors of the digitization of the industry: Siemens and Dassault Systèmes.


OUR HIGHLIGHTS
We are using different materials—soybeans, plastic bottles, natural rubber and even other companies’ waste materials.
Courtesy of Ford

At Hannover Messe, different green and lightweight materials found in the American car manufacturer’s vehicles were  showcased —from recycled plastic bottles to plant-based elements.   Henry Ford was always interested in using sustainable materials in his cars. In the 1940s, the prototype “soybean car” used...


Applications, services, platforms, connectivity, monetization, and more. Getting into IoT sometimes sounds like a daunting task. At Hannover Messe, Swedish...



Courtesy of Festo

Last November at SPS, Festo presented its motion-in-suspension technology, a patented levitation process based on an ultra-low temperature permanent magnetic...



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  • Wheels: -29%. Differential: -14%. Diesel pump housing: -18%. Nuts: 6 g each. At Hannover Messe, the Lightweight Forging Initiative, a primarily German consortium of forging companies and steel producers, has been trumpeting an impressive list of weight-saving measures for automotive parts which could result in a total reduction of 99 kg (PDF).

    Two years ago, the Lightweight Forging Initiative dismantled a passenger car and announced that 42 kg could be saved. This time, it did the same with a van, disassembling it, listing and analyzing all parts and, through workshops with experts, formulating lightweight design ideas.

    Lighter Powertrain and Chassis

    Given the focus of the consortium members, it was decided to focus on the chassis and powertrain rather than on the vehicle body or the electronics. At 845 kg, these elements constitute 36% of the vehicle’s weight, already a hefty bit to chew on.

    And chew they did, as the team of engineers and researchers developed lightweight design proposals for each part, with novel solutions at almost every turn:

    • Removal of unnecessary material and use of lighter forged parts for the diesel pump housing and cover;
    • for the gearwheel of the output shaft, producing holes on pitch circles and creating a thinner fixed member with a wave profile;
    • a new design and use of a bainitic steel for nuts

    Even the lead researchers were surprised by the weight savings possible in very small parts, as they explained to DirectIndustry e-magazine during Hannover Messe.

    It was surprising to realize how much screws and nuts could be improved. For fasteners, with the right design and an appropriate steel, we could gain approximately 700 g for an entire vehicle.

    A New Research Network

    Once finalized, this second phase will mark a turning point for the Lightweight Forging Initiative. Phase I demonstrated savings of 42 kg in a passenger car. Phase II now shows that 99 kg can be saved in a commercial vehicle. The next step is sharing these innovating ideas throughout the industry. To this end, a Lightweight Forging Research Network has been established, uniting 64 companies, 4 research associations, 10 research institutes and 2 universities.
    Indeed, the automotive industry is expected to react quickly. Weight reduction is one of the most obvious ways to comply with ever more  stringent CO2 regulations. In Europe, for example, the 2020 target for light commercial vehicles is a reduction of 147 grams of CO2 per kilometer, 19% less than the 2012 average.


    “Our ambition is to be able to print every iglide-made product.” At Hannover Messe, igus made it crystal clear that it intends not only to continue developing...


    Courtesy of Cedrat Technologies

    The Tripod Actuator (TrAC) is the prototype of a customized stepping piezo actuator designed by Cedrat Technologies. Stepping piezoelectric actuators are new,...



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    Synergys has introduced the first vibrational analysis camera, the V-SHOOTER VBS1T. After launching a clever leak-detection system, the French company now...



    Courtesy of Columbia University

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    Could the thinnest, strongest, lightest and most conductive material ever created spark a new industrial revolution? At Hannover Messe, graphene was among the materials expected to have a big future.

     

    In theory, graphene can do almost anything. It’s the first truly two-dimensional crystal and the thinnest, strongest and lightest material known. Its other properties also give it the potential to change the digital world. Kevin Curran is a senior member at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

    The importance of graphene is that electrons can travel across it at close to the speed of light. This is about one hundred times faster than they move at present through silicon, the de facto substrate for computers. It is also super-thin, super-strong, super-flexible and an excellent conductor.

    Graphene’s Development

    Courtesy of Jannik Meyer

    Courtesy of Jannik Meyer

     

    Theoretically possible since the 1940s, graphene was first produced by Konstantin Novoselov and Andre Geim at the University of Manchester in 2004, earning both scientists the 2010 Nobel Prize for Physics. Since then, the race has been on to make graphene a commercially viable industrial material.

    All the carbon atoms in graphene are arranged in a 2D frame, a one-atom-thick fabric,” said Novoselov at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona in February 2016. “But despite being so simple, it attracts many superlatives. It’s the strongest possible material, the most stretchable, the most permeable, the most conductive. There are other materials that have one of those properties, but here it’s combined in one very simple crystal.

    Since it’s manufactured from abundant carbon, the supply of graphene is nearly inexhaustible, in stark contrast to the rare metals presently used by the electronics industry.

    A new era in electronics?

    According to Novoselov, graphene has potential applications in high-frequency electronics (touch panels), optoelectronics (photonics) and thermo-management (batteries). That could mean batteries that recharge in a few minutes, flexible phones and buildings coated in photovoltaic paint holding graphene-based solar cells. Stijn Goossens is a postdoctoral research engineer in nano-optoelectronics at the Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO) in Barcelona.

    We have been talking about flexible, transparent, wearable electronics for years, but so far this field hasn’t really delivered, largely because the materials aren’t good enough. With graphene, we can build an ecosystem of flexible and transparent, functional devices that can do the same as your phone, but integrates into clothes as graphene inks and sensors.

    Graphene’s sensitivity could even help create spectral sensors that use light to reveal everything from heart rate and precise blood chemistry, to food ripeness or the pesticides used in its production.

    Replacing silicon with graphene in electronics will require investment in manufacturing this innovative material with consistent quality. Once it’s mass-produced, the innovations can flow.

     

     


    CONTRIBUTORS



    Camille Rustici

    Camille Rustici is a Video Journalist and the Editor-in-Chief for DirectIndustry e-magazine. She has years of experience in business issues for various media including France 24, Associated Press, Radio France…


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    Hicham Dhouibi

    Hicham Dhouibi is a mechanical and process engineer and writer with years of experience in automotive, plastic processing and telecom industries.


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    Jamie Carter

    Jamie Carter is a journalist based in Wales, who writes about technology for the South China Morning Post, Mashable, MSN, the BBC Sky At Night, TechRadar.com and Korean Air’s Morning Calm.


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    Kristina Müller

    Kristina Müller is a German journalist working on a freelance basis for different print and online media, mainly about industrial, nautical and medical issues.


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